Pinterest is chock-full of painting ideas for kids. Many of the images I find include children who can hold a paintbrush or can stand at the easel and produce creative works of art with ease.
Painting does not come so easily for children with sensory issues, fine motor or cognitive delays, or other disabilities. This post shares tips/ strategies to help you adapt a painting activity so that your child can also enjoy creating with paint.
Why painting may be a challenge for children with special needs
- For children with fine motor delays, holding a paintbrush may be difficult.
- For children with tactile sensory aversions, even finger painting may pose a challenge.
- For children with cognitive delays, they may not be developmentally ready to produce images with or without a tool.
- For children who still mouth objects, they might be tempted to scoop up and taste paint (which may or may not be toxic).
Suggestions for adaptations/ modifications for painting
- Begin slowly. If this is your child’s first attempt at painting (or if all of the others went badly), you simply need to slow down the process. Using hand-over-hand is the best way to start. Sometimes, that’s the only way your child will paint – maybe ever. That’s ok. It’s still a new experience that should not be avoided just because you think your child can’t paint. You will be surprised at the progression – no matter how tiny.
- Use familiar tools rather than bare hands. While most school teachers and parents are encouraged to teach painting by using fingers and hands, this may not work with a child with tactile sensory aversions. It’s true that finger painting is a great exploratory activity for some children, but the last thing you want is a meltdown in the middle of painting if your child gags just by looking at it! Give yourself permission to skip that step and move onto using tools instead – even if your child has fine motor difficulties. Don’t begin with the obvious use of a paintbrush. Instead, bring in familiar objects your child already holds or plays with easily. Think: plastic toys. Your child isn’t going to be expected to create a still-life. You’re going to work on abstract art – so whatever pattern you can get with an object your child holds well is great.
- Introduce one color at a time. You might be tempted to take out all the colors of the rainbow just because it comes with the paint set, but I highly discourage this. First off, it’s visual overload for children just exploring paint for the first time. You don’t want your child shutting down before he even gets started. Begin with the primary colors (yellow, red and blue) and acquaint your child with the lightest color first. Make an all-yellow painting, then an all-red painting and an all-blue painting before ever mixing the colors together. Do this over a span of several days. Sign the names of the colors and repeat them as you paint. My son gets a kick out of the sign for “yellow”.
- Use non-toxic finger paints – even if you’re not finger painting. If you’re worried about clean-up of toys/ tools/ your child/ yourself, use finger paints (as opposed to tempra) as they wash off everything easily.
- Vary the tools. Explore other tools that your child can easily grasp. Some additional ideas are: egg cartons, fruits/ vegetables (apples, potatoes, carrots , celery are all solid enough to print with), and non-traditional art tools found at your local art supplier.
- Modify authentic painting tools. Sometimes, all you need to do is modify tools that are naturally intended for painting. For example, paintbrush handles can be thickened by taping foam around them.
- Practice the fine motor skills you’ll be using before your child ever paints. Introduce the unfamiliar paint tools at playtime. Vary the verbal routines: “tap, tap, tap” for tools that are best for printing, “zoom, zoom, zoom” for tools best for scraping, etc. By the time you bring the tools to the paint table, your child will anticipate what to do with them and you will find the whole experience a lot smoother.
- Have all materials ready ahead of time. It seems like an obvious tip, but you don’t want to be running across the room for materials when your child is sitting at the table with all of the paint within arm’s reach. No. You just don’t. While we’re on this point, have clean-up materials nearby as well. (Speaking from experience).
- Tape the paper onto a painting board. If you don’t already own one, make or buy a painting board. All it is is a board (plastic or wood) that is larger than the painting paper you use. This is great for kids who don’t use an easel. Taping the paper down prevents the paper from slipping and sliding and ending up on the floor. (Not only is this messy, but it disappoints, and possibly frustrates, your child when you have to reach down to keep picking up the paper when he just wants to paint!) Having a paper taped to a board allows you to turn the board around or move it closer to your child so that he can gain greater access to all parts of the paper.
- Sing or tell a story while painting. Try to incorporate other parts of your day into painting as well. Sing the apple songs you’ve worked on all week. Create a new story about an apple that likes to tap-dance, etc.
- Alter the positioning. If your child can stand at an easel, then that’s wonderful. Of course, painting doesn’t necessarily have to happen at an easel. Your child can paint at his adapted chair/ table, or even on the floor if that is easier for him. Play around with the positioning of the paper. Does it need to be flat (horizontal) or can it be elevated slightly to better access for your child? If you don’t have a desk/ table that slants, you can create one using cardboard or wood. If your child is sitting often, then use his standing frame and encourage him to stand at an easel. The legs of the standing frame usually slide right under the legs of the easel for maximum access to the paper. Just be sure to adjust the height of either the easel or the stander.
- Have fun. While painting can be a messy activity, try to relax about it. Some parents can paint alongside their child, but if you know your child needs your full attention, don’t even go there. Paint on your own – with your child observing you – at another time.
Do you paint with your child? What adaptations work for you?